What is Christian counseling?

“There is enough light for those who only desire to see,
and enough obscurity for those who have a contrary disposition”
Blaise Pascal

Since the 1970s particularly, there has been a growing demand for an integrative perspective of modern psychology that is also able to transmit the moral truth of Christian faith. Counseling responded to this call and more and more Christian psychologists have begun turning towards the Scriptures as resource for consolation. After all the Bible has been a wonderful source of guidance and hope for thousands of years, and now it is widely used in counseling again. Essentially Christian counseling (often referred to pastoral psychology) has emerged as the psychology for Christian people to reorient its clients towards "living" by looking upward, clients' perspective are able to expend both inward (gaining self-knowledge) and horizontally towards understanding relationships.